An obese person has accumulated so much body fat that it might have a negative effect on their health. If a person's bodyweight is at least 20% higher than it should be, he or she is considered obese. If your Body Mass Index (BMI) is between 25 and 29.9 you are considered overweight. If your BMI is 30 or over you are considered obese.
The BMI is a statistical measurement derived from your height and weight. Although it is considered to be a useful way to estimate healthy body weight, it does not measure the percentage of body fat. However, in general, the BMI measurement can be a useful indicator for the 'average person'.
According to Ayurveda the functions of body fat are described as follows:
“Medaha sneha swedaudhrudatwam pushtim asthyancha”
This means in normal conditions the body fat keeps the body moisturized , causes sweating , gives energy to body (by storing energy) and nourishes bones. (By protecting them from shock).
Distribution of fat:
Women have more body fat than men. In women usually the fat accumulates around hips giving them a pear shape. In men it accumulates around belly giving them an apple shape. The obesity related problems start when fat accumulates around waist.
In ayurveda the distribution of fat is described as follows.
Medastu sarvabhutaanamudarenvasthi thishtathi |
Ata evodare vriddhihi prayo medaswino bhavet ||
Fat gets deposited in and around belly in all living beings. It is also present in bone. Hence when a person becomes obese his stomach bulges out.
And also the characters of an obese person are described as
"Medo mamsa ativriddhatvaachalasphigudarastanaha"
The hips, belly and breasts of an obese person sag and sagged parts flap as that person moves. An obese person will not be active. In some cases there will be uneven fat distribution.
- Type-2 diabetes
- Heart disease.
- High Blood pressure.
- Few types of Cancers
- Gall stones
- Liver diseases
- Irregular menstruation in women.